Early Autumn Advertising Photography Styles 2012

The following is a collection and introduction of the early autumn advertising photography styles 2012. Through relevant analysis, some women’s fashion is to be revealed.

Jil Sander: the Association of Schoolgirls

The early autumn video of Raf Simos’s Jil Sander drew successfully its materials from the American Campus Style and has reshaped the latter. The collective portrait in the video taken by the photographer Ben Weller reawakens people’s memories of schoolgirls’ sorority life, which is definitely a response to the Take Ivy, the “Bible” of campus style, created by Teruyoshi Hayashida in 1965. In Weller’s college scenes, the feeling of sisters’ happiness and harmony among the school chorus models (including Hanne Gaby Odiele, Karolina Mrozkova and Katie Fogarty) is presented by him. In their fixed rest time, these models always appear together in the social occasions, wearing the gentle and quiet Bell skirts, school team sweaters, and pairs of serious Stella Luna.

Gucci: the Darling in the Luxurious Drinking Party

Produced by Mert & Marcus, the early autumn video of Gucci presents a series of elegant and charming new products featuring the evening dress fashion for the boisterous drinking parties in the dimly-lit American bars that are popular in Venice. Being the notable representatives of this style, and with Edward Enninful being their communal stylist, Karmen Pedaru, Nadja Bender and Staffan Lindstrom, the three famous fashion models, are disposed to the mature as well as fashionable retro appearances that highlight wide-leg pants, elegant trousers, red strapless shirts, buttonless handbags, and metal necklaces and neckties. And as a result of plentiful smoke and strong club atmosphere created by the Grimes, the picture turns out to be more gloomy and hazy.

Akris: A Mysterious Journey to the Far East

The pictures that compose the early autumn video of Akris are captured from the angle of a female passenger who was about to embark on a journey abroad after ascending the legendary Trans-Siberian Railway, with Karim Sadli being the photographer, Karlina Caune the actress, and Albert Kriemler the costume designer. The stylish dress in the video includes excellent leather accessories and photo-printed items which, having drawn their materials from the outdoor landscape occasionally caught sight of by passengers, dispose the journey from Moscow to the Far East to further mystery.

Balenciaga: A Feast of Flourescence

The early autumn advertising video of Balenciaga, whose consultant being Steven Meisel, demonstrates in its entirety the catwalk show of Fashion Week. The male and female models in the video show their fashion styles through walking down the neon-lighted steps, with the background music being Dance Yourself Clean of the LCD Soundsystem.

Assisted by the creative House and Holme the director, Marie Amélie Sauvé the stylist, and Pat McGrath the make-up artist, Nicolas Ghesquiere succeeds in this season in visualizing the 1980s’ postmodernist interest the Balenciaga has been attempting to reveal: brilliant colors, shoulder pads, prominent geometric prints, dark-colored cheekbones, and brand new wavy hair.

Elie Saab: Balade a Paris

Abundant in endless elegance, Balade a Paris (stroll in Paris), the early autumn video of Elie Saab embodies incisively and vividly the feminine sense via the minimalist daywear as well as its evening maxi dresses which enjoy widespread renown.

By means of employing intimate close-ups that highlight the dress’s exquisite tailoring, intricate details and superb handiwork, the director manages to pursue the fashion footprints of a Paris girl. Likewise, a romantic nostalgic tone for the fast-paced Paris in the video is created by the score by Anders Trentemoller.

Loeffler Randall: A Genuine Girl

Directed by Dan McMahon, the early autumn video of Loeffler Randall consists of a group of the “genuine girl” shots.

With Willa Gross(the brand’s E-commerce assistant), Ellen Moore(the PR of Krupp Group), Tara McCollum(the PR Director), and Susan Domelsmith(the jewellery designer, musician, and the brand’s activity planner) all serving as the fashion models in its products’ catalogue which likewise contains the inserted personal interviews, the elegance and maturity, as well as the extreme coolness of this particular brand is fully displayed.

Louis Vuitton: the Early Autumn Doll

Directed by William Snieg and photographed by Mark Segal, the early autumn video series of Louis Vuitton, whose inspiration coming from the elegant French architect and designer Charlotte Perriand, is invented on the basis of improving the 1960s’ silent film.

The doll-luxury-like models Xiao Wen, Nyasha Matonhodze and Valerija Sestic, styled by the designer Julie de Libran, are dressed up to kill in the lounge scene: wearing colorful fashion accessories and with the Louis Vuitton shopping bags and travelling bags serving as the perfect foils, they reveal to the public a unique fashion style that takes form in a series of fur embellished dress, including the round shoulder coats which being slightly heavy, yet gorgeously ornamented.

Prabal Gurung: A Dazzling Party

Directed by Dan Martensen, Prabal Gurung’s first video of the early autumn series turns out to be a fascinating as well as kaleidoscopic journey of women’s fashion.

The Ford models Alanna Zimmer, Hanne Gaby, Kate King and Ming Xie converge on this video. And accompanied by the music Body Mod of DJ Pictureplane, the brand’s style is shown by them on the catwalk, and that the geometric cut of relevant dresses, being discordant with this season’s kaleidoscopic floral prints, serves as a more intense foil for the latter.

Jimmy Choo: the Phantom of Interest

The Jimmy Choo team launched this brand with relevant inspiration deriving from the 1960s’ charming rock scenes in London as well as the stylist Camilla Nickerson.

The early autumn video of Jimmy Choo is photographed by Terry Richardson who aims at creating an atmosphere which arouses the feeling of “extreme coolness and fashion”.

Acting as the 60s’ non-mainstream rock aristocrat in the video, the model Bette Franke shows the fashion style through sitting with two attendants in the back of Rolls-Royce Phantom.

Guide to Decorating With Popular Home Furniture Accessories

When choosing home furniture accessories, it sometimes seems like there are far too many choices. How does one know which too choose and which to pass up?

The curse of too many options has long been a curse for the pickiest designers. This is true even if the goal is to decorate one’s own home, let alone someone else. What may help some individuals, couples, families, or designers is to know how certain popular accessory items might be displayed in a particular room.

Of course, the easiest way to learn how certain home furniture accessories would best look displayed in a room is to view pictures. It also would be very helpful to attend furniture shows or pay attention to furniture displays in popular retail stores. Of course, you may also be inspired by people you know who have an eye for interior design. In any case, the following pieces are some of the most popular accessories used in the home today. Please take a look at suggestion placements for each of them:

  • George Nelson Ball Clock: This is a very popular accessory that could be placed in most any room. It is multi-colored so it can brighten up any bland furniture blend. It might be quite attractive in a children’s room of an appropriate age, or in a living room or guest room. It also might accent a dining room, kitchen, or study room. Other items made that are inspired by this designer include the following: George Nelson Eye Clock, Kite Clock, or Star Clock.
  • Paul Andes Art Work: Depending upon availability, various paintings created by this person would like exquisite in most living rooms or parlors. They might also look divine in dining areas or libraries. They might blend will with certain contemporary or classic coffee table styles.
  • Ludwig Mies van der Rohe Barcelona Hall Bench: These are made into a variety of lengths. Often they are more suitable for business settings. However, some large estates might carefully display a smaller one of these units in an office area, or in a front vestibule area.
  • Eileen Gray Cocktail Table: Today this is made in the same vein as the original which was first produced in 1926. This unique piece could fit anywhere in most lounge areas. It would probably look very attractive off to the side, in between a couch and chair, or in the center of a room. The frame of it is of a high-grade still that is polished, and has the look of silver. It would match perfectly with similar glass coffee or dining table pieces.

This of course is a very limited selection of pieces to use in various rooms. Many more home furniture accessorizing tips are available. Please check back regularly.

6 Surprising Truths About Tax Preparers

Choosing the right tax preparer for your business is a decision best not left until April. A former tax preparer and small business mastermind offers insights into the secret world of tax preparers.

1. All tax preparers are not created equal.

It stands to reason, somewhere in the country is the Worst Tax Preparer. The bad news is you may have already booked your appointment with him. Preparing taxes is a complex activity. So complex that many of us simply throw in the towel, pack up our receipts, and head for the nearest tax office. When you arrive at the office, you fully expect our tax preparer to be highly competent and completely vested in getting you the best deal in town.

Back in my tax preparing days, I worked for one of the big name tax preparation franchises both as a preparer and as a tax return editor. I worked with seasoned professionals and total neophytes. I well remember the first time I stepped up to the plate as a new preparer. I was terrified. Terrified the customer would know I was inexperienced. Terrified I’d make a huge blunder and the customer would pick up on it. Terrified the more experienced preparers would laugh at my mistakes.

I quickly realized that as inexperienced as I was, I still knew way more than my clients did. And because the franchise had great systems, others would be checking and re-checking my work so my mistakes and oversights would be caught before I did any damage to the client.

As a tax return editor, I saw and corrected more mistakes than you would feel comfortable knowing about. Which brings me to a very important point, tax preparation is not a cut and dried, read the manual, do the formulas, follow the instructions, and poof! you’re done kind of activity. The tax codes in this country are complex and open to interpretation.

Tax preparers have a wide range of experience from none to grizzled veteran. They also span the continuum from ethical to completely fraudulent. The more complex your return, the more you need a veteran preparer. And if your preparer tells you about this great deduction that you can take and it sounds suspicious to you, listen to your intuition. It’s the difference between paying a little bit now or paying a whole lot later.

2. Tax preparers are not business experts.

The only business experts in the world are those who are running successful businesses. Tax preparers are trained to understand taxes. They’re trained to know the proper forms and deductions. They’re trained to help you with tax planning. They are not trained to understand how business works.

Now, you may have a tax preparer who is also a successful business owner. Many CPA’s, accountants, bookkeepers, and tax preparers do run their own businesses. They’re in a much better position to help you with your taxes because they understand the day to day challenges of running a business.

Understand that having your taxes prepared by a big name franchise, although it does ensure that your return is accurate, does not mean that your return is prepared in a way that is best for your business. Only a preparer who understands business can prepare a return that works for your business.

3. Hiring a tax preparer doesn’t mean you’re excused from understanding taxes.

I’ve seen it so many times. I sit down with a client to talk about finances or taxes. As I talk, the head is nodding, the mouth is saying, “uh huh, uh huh”, but what they’re really focused on is the pen in their hand. They don’t want to understand, they just want to sign off on the paperwork and be done with it. “That’s what I hire you for”, they say.

Big mistake. I could be sentencing them to time in a federal prison. Trusting someone else to the point where you abdicate all responsibility and have no knowledge of what you’re signing or what is being done in your name is a recipe for a big fat slice of disaster. That’s how embezzlement happens-I trust Mary completely. Bob always takes care of that. And it’s also how business owners end up in trouble-What do you mean he took a deduction for my Chihuahua as a guard dog? Hey, why didn’t I get a deduction for my new computer?

You have to know enough about taxes to be able to read your return intelligently so you know what you’re signing. You also need to know enough about taxes so you know what your tax preparer needs to know to prepare your return accurately and to your best advantage.

And don’t get your education from your buddies. I heard a lot about these “special deductions” you can take. Usually the information is not based on facts or tax codes. It’s a conglomeration of bad information that can get you into tax trouble.

4. Your tax preparer shouldn’t be the one telling you how your business is doing.

It hits them hard. They couldn’t be more shocked if you’d hit them upside the head with a dead fish. “I owe how much!”, they gasp. “How can that be? I don’t have any money!” Then the desperation sets in. The tax preparer is accused of not doing a good enough job. “You must have missed something.” Or, they dig deep trying to think of anything, anything at all, that can lower their tax liability. “Did I mention that vacation, I mean, business trip I took to the Caribbean? That’s deductible right?”

If the only time you know how your business is doing is on April 15th, you’re doing yourself a huge disservice. If you’re not tracking your tax liability and making plans to satisfy that liability, you’re in for a very long, painful, tortuous lesson delivered at the hands of the Internal Revenue Service. You will pay. You will pay way more than if you’d planned ahead. And it will take you forever to get caught up.

5. Why getting your tax return prepared shouldn’t be an errand you run on your lunch break.

I was in a client’s office one day getting her books closed out for the year so she could have her tax return prepared. I overheard a woman in the next office telling someone, “I’m just going to run out and get my taxes done.” I was horrified. Having your taxes prepared is not something you just “run out” and get done like an oil change. Good tax preparers are like good hair stylists. They have followings. People pre-book them.

If you just “run out” and have your taxes done, who do you think you’ll get as a tax preparer? The best and the brightest? Hardly. You’ll get the first year preparers who haven’t built up a following. The ones who are fresh out of tax class and generally have no experience preparing tax returns or running a business. The ones who don’t have the expertise to know the ins and outs of interpreting tax codes to your best advantage while still keeping you within the law. Sure everyone deserves a chance to gain experience but do you really want to be the first patient a surgeon operates on?

6. Procrastination is your worst enemy.

It’s April 14th. You think you probably should get your tax stuff together pretty soon. So, you work late into the night, gathering receipts, pawing through stacks of paper, digging under the seat of your car until finally you’ve got everything you need. Off you go on your lunch break on April 15th to get your return prepared. Your tax preparer, who has been working at a feverish pitch for weeks, has deep circles under her eyes, her hands are shaking from lack of sleep and too much caffeine, and you notice a small stream of drool running down her chin. “Oh look,” she exclaims laughing maniacally, “Another return!”. And you think to yourself, “What’s her problem?”.

You, my procrastinating friend, are her problem. Now she’s got to frantically race around trying to keep you out of trouble because you didn’t have the courtesy or forethought to be prepared well ahead of the deadline. And then she’ll have to listen to you whine because now all of a sudden you have to come up with thousands of dollars that you didn’t know you owed.

Do yourself a favor, get your return done early. If you owe money, you don’t have to send it until April 15th. At least you’ll know that your return was prepared by a tax preparer who wasn’t fatigued, you’ll know ahead of time what you owe, and you’ll have it off your mind so you can focus on other important things. Like getting your oil changed on your lunch break.

The Effects of Fashion Style to Females

Fashion has great influence to all females over the years because females are more into fashion styles than men. To females, fashion is a statement and determines your own personality by portraying your different styles. Fashion should be unique in every individual, however because of media influences fashion style has created a common denominator which most people imitate to become like the “supermodels”. Fashion style its has positive and negative effects to females. We will determine first the negative effects of fashion style and we will re-enforce it with positive effects.

Negative effects of fashion style

Identity. Your identity is affected with fashion style because you tend to follow what is stereotypical in the fashion world. Fashion industry created a stereotyped supermodels who are labelled to beautiful with their thin physique. Most females worked so hard just to achieve that supermodel figure, because of their misconception about being beautiful. To them a little meat is fat and being fat is not beautiful.

Financial Deficit. Stereotypical is what’s going on with fashion style. You often buy branded clothes that are very expensive and you tend to spend more beyond what you earn just to be up to date with fashion style and you end up broke or even in debt.

Peer pressure among teen females. Fashion style has influence on many young teenage girls, if you don’t wear the latest clothing from famous brands like Abercrombie and Fitch, Chanel or Dolce & Gabbana, it simply means you are not “IN” and you cannot be part of the popular girls group in your school. This adds pressure to young girls to become part of a group that more often will result to low self esteem and even depression.

Positive effects of fashion style (re-enforcement of negative effects)

Identity. In contrary to the negative effects, style will definitely help you become creative and unique with different style that will fit your personality and lifestyle. It is a matter of understanding how fashion can influence you in a positive way. It also a matter of personal choice whether or not you will follow what the media has branded beautiful. Fashion is about your own personal style, it not about looking the same like the supermodels. You can be beautiful with curves as long as you feel good inside. Beauty comes from within.

Avenue for savings. With a gigantic variety of different styles, your wardrobe will not go out of style. You can mix and match, and add a little accessories, your old will become something new and trendy. You don’t need to spend extra money to buy for super expensive branded clothing just to be “in” with fashion. Creativity is all you need with a little help tips from the experts and you will create a fashion statement in your own little way.

Be Confident. Becoming a popular is not an issue as long as you are confident with your looks. Fashion is not all about expensive designer clothes. There are more brands that offers good quality and amazing designs, than expensive designer clothes. If you are confident with your style, you will get the attention you deserve and peer pressure will no longer be an issue.

According to top designers, fashion style is not what you see on TV or magazines but it is how creative you are by turning a simple top to an astounding blouse that will set a trend in fashion world. Set your worries aside and don’t be afraid to be wonderful yourself.

Getting a Cheap Loan & Improving Your Credit Rating to Ensure Your Loan is Competitive

Securing a Cheap Loan

With the current financial crisis constraining the amount of money banks presently lend due to the amount of capital reserves they require to satisfy regulating bodies, credit is not flowing as freely as it once was. Whilst London Inter-Bank Offering Rates (LIBOR) have dropped over the past year simple supply and demand is making loans less affordable at a time when they should technically be at their lowest levels. Basically the present   demand is high from the residential and business loan sectors, however the recent stress test revealed that capital reserves need to mitigate such crisis being sparked again, thus forcing banks to further reign in their lending.

One way of reigning in that lending is by lending money to people with superior credit ratings. By getting yourself a credit check you substantially improve your chances of securing a loan that you require whether it be for home improvements, car finance, or even a holiday. Don’t forget that making an application for credit goes against your score so ensure that your credit rating is in a suitable position prior application, otherwise you could further damage your chances for future loans and credit such as mortgages, gym memberships, mobile phones etc…

Businesses and consumers simply want to know what that means to them and why the loans at present are not as cheap as they should be!

The money markets and LIBOR rate dictate the rate at which banks lend to one another, and even with what appears the bottom of the recession being hit lenders are still cautious on who they lend to and for what period of time. So even though you see the Bank of England Base Rate set by the Monetary Policy Committee set currently at 0.5% this does not mean your rate will be anything near this as wider economic factor influence that rate that filters down through to consumers and businesses.

Before Applying for the Loan

Even before you apply for a loan get a credit check to determine if you would even be considered by the lender, as a meaningless application could further hinder you rating and make future loans difficult to attain.

What if my Credit Rating is poor?

If your credit rating is poor there are a number of ways to improve your score prior your application for credit here are a brief few things you can do.

  • Clear CCJ’s.
  • Ensure you are on the Electoral Register
  • Time your application well – moving house can be a factor.
  • Clear previous debts & use expensive high rate credit cards (Just for one month).
  • Never miss a payment.
  • Check your address on all active accounts.

How do I get a Cheap Loan

Using loan comparison sites can help you compare secured and unsecured loans, credit cards, prepaid cards and payday loans, but these sites don’t always display all caveats. Remember its not just the rate that will make the loan cheap for yourself. More companies seem to be using set up fees and early repayment charges to earn extra money from those who only require a loan over the short term. Please consider the following:

  • You need to compare the APR to determine the true cost of the loan.
  • Look into the ability to make overpayment’s without penalty charges, as this will substantially reduce the capital owed, further reducing the interest paid, meaning your loan cost has been reduced.
  • Check for lenders who are willing to match or even beat rates on the high street in order to attain your custom, after all they are still competing for your custom.
  • Limit the amount you need to borrow on high APR – don’t just use one source, couple an interest free credit card with a higher APR loan if that is all that’s available as one will offset the other.

Getting a loan over a certain amount can sometimes be more beneficial than getting a smaller loan due to administration charges and other governing factors, so bear this in mind when applying for a loan [http://www.loanrunner.co.uk/loans], therefore it can be cheaper to get a larger loan and then simply make an overpayment offset the induced interest.

Fast Food And Obesity – What’s The Connection And How Can You Break It?

There seems to be a definite connection between fast food and obesity. The fast food chains will deny it of course, or blame it on their customers, but the association is there. And it’s a problem Americans need to address.

So, what’s so special about fast food? As it turns out, fast food has some true advantages . . . in the short term. The food is hot and it tastes good. Quite simply, people enjoy eating it more than they do many other kinds of food. However, this is one of the links between fast food and obesity.

Another advantage of fast food is, well, it’s fast. Not only that but it’s convenient – easily found. What other kind of food can you go out and pick up ready to go at a moment’s notice? You don’t have to cook, shop, or even wash dishes. Just toss the bag in the trash. You’re saving all kinds of time here.

You can eat fast food and obesity is the furthest thing from your mind as you chow down.

In fact, fast food is even a socially accepted custom. Children’s birthday parties are held at fast food restaurants. People meet here after sporting events. We’re encouraged by society in general and the custom is touted by tantalizing commercials. Fast food and obesity are never linked in these commercials, by the way.

Scientists have made it their business to study fast food and obesity issues. Some say fast food is as addictive to the human body as heroin. This is of interest since the average American eats away 4 helpings of fast food French fries and 3 fast food hamburgers every week!

Researchers have found people start to crave the sugar, fat, and salt of fast foods. Many different lab studies have demonstrated sugar addiction in rats, for example. One study determined that the rats experienced withdrawal symptoms when sugar was taken away. Because of soft drinks, shakes, and other treats offered, fast food and obesity are connected once again.

Fast food also signals the body to have changes in hormones. These changes make it nearly impossible to control eating. After people eat fast food for a period of time they gain weight. Then they become resistant to leptin, which affects appetite.

Addiction sets in when you crave a second fast food meal after having one already that day. The fast food will cause your blood sugar to go very high and then very low. You’ll want more. You may deny yourself, but without your fast food, you may feel symptoms of weakness and shakiness. This is how fast food and obesity are linked.

The quantity of fast food Americans are eating is an issue of great concern. Fast food and obesity statistics bear this out.

Americans have gotten used to the Super Sized portions. And even though a single fast food meal has enough fat and calories for the entire day, statistically there’s a good chance you’ll eat a second fast food meal during the same day. Or if not you’ll probably eat something else before the day is out.

With about 1/3 (one-third) of all American adults over 20 being obese, fast food and obesity need to be studied more closely. As you take yourself or your family to the nearest fast food haven for dinner, please think twice.

How about only going once or twice a month instead of several times a week? It’s important to take this connection between fast food and obesity seriously. You’ll live longer and enjoy life more because of your good health if you do.

Grecian Fashion Style – Channel Your Inner Goddess With This Style Report

Grecian style dressing has been around for centuries (quite literally), and with Alexander McQueen featuring heavily influenced Grecian style clothing in his Spring/Summer 2012 ready to wear collection, it looks like the trend is here to stay!

The flowing, fluid lines of the dresses combined with the edgier, more barbarous elements of the trend such as the gladiator sandals make this look modern, wearable and captivating. Through out the years Grecian style dresses have sauntered their way onto the red carpets on the shoulders of many A-listers including Mischa Barton, Kate Winslet and most recently the Duchess of Cambridge.

So how to wear these Grecian dresses I hear you ask. Do not fear! The draping often associated with these dresses makes them extremely flattering on all shapes and sizes, whether you’re looking for something loose and flowing, structured and figure hugging, short or long there will be something to suit everyone. If you decide to go for something loose and billowing you always have the option of adding a fierce metallic belt to add style and power.

The colors that accompany this trend are often neutral shades including cream, white, pale pink and beige, however modern influences have seen Grecian dresses take form in hues of blue, purple and orange. So if the thought of wearing pale pink puts you off, opt for a richer shade! In relation to your feet, Grecian style dresses look great with heels or flats, if you’re off on holiday then opt for some edgy gladiator sandals, if you’re off on a night out then some chunky wedges or heels would look amazing!

If you decide you don’t want to go ‘all out’ then there are loads of other ways to incorporate this trend into your beauty and fashion routine including; jewellery, hair pieces and hair styles and shoes. Braiding your hair is seriously on trend right now and this pays homage to the Grecian ideal. Another option would be to wear a jeweled head band, this adds a touch of glam to any outfit and would be perfect for a festival to keep the hair out of your face!

When looking for Grecian inspired jewellery, opt for gold pieces with a worn look or jewellery that includes stones. Gold and bronze jewellery that include leaf decoration also tie in nicely with this look. If you want a more edgy feel to your outfit add a large chunky cuff or bangle!

Spotting Reliable Divorce Help Online

The Internet has definitely taken the world by storm. It has opened up new ways for communicating with others all over the globe and has given everyone the convenience of having information ready at their fingertips. One downside to this though is that with the influx of the information also comes the rise of unreliable information. Divorce is one of the topics most frequently looked up on the net and to those who are in need of some reliable divorce help online, here are some good tips to remember:

When it comes to getting information and divorce help, nothing beats the quickness of the Internet. Quick as it may be, it certainly also has its flaws. For one, with the numerous sites online which have articles that talk about a range of topics on divorce, it is unsure that all the divorce information are truly 100% based on facts.

Many of these websites have articles which can be read free of charge which makes them all the more popular for those who are thinking of getting a divorce but are on a budget. Thus being able to tell which is fact and which is fallacy is definitely a much needed skill.

You should always have a critical mind so that you can tell which the facts are. It is never a wrong thing to ask around or look into details more closely rather than following and believing readily what is written. Compare and contrast articles and see which sounds more believable to you and contains the most facts rather than ideas based on opinions. And whenever you read something, watch something or listen to something, keep an open mind but never forget to use common sense. Sometimes when we are too emotionally charged we forget to use our logic. For example, you search for “ways to brutally get back on your cheating husband” instead of just looking for softer and more practical self-help stuff. That’s when you create a whole new problem in the middle of this sticky situation.

It will also be a good move to look into the main contributors of the site. Look up on their credentials and see if they have enough legal knowledge and experience to be deemed experts in the field. Look for sites which have a reputable divorce attorney as one of their main contributors, if not all.

Always remember that different states also vary in the laws that govern divorce, so if looking for divorce help online, search for ones that specialize on divorce laws within your state or area. You wouldn’t want to be taking tips from a site which have facts based on Nevada laws when you live in California.

Spotting reliable divorce help online is just all about reading and using your critical thinking skills. Most of the time, wrong information can easily be detected if we learn to read and look into details more closely.

Natural Beauty Cosmetics – Enhance Your Natural Beauty

Nothing can enhance a woman’s face, beautiful or otherwise, better than the right make-up. Today, the beauty industry is a billion dollar business and the choice of Beauty Cosmetics available, is mind-blogging to say the least. While buying them, one has to keep certain things in mind. Some of them are the skin type, allergic reaction to a certain product if any, night or day wear etc.

How to buy Beauty Cosmetics

Before buying beauty products one must keep in mind to buy not the right beauty product, but the one most ideal for them. Buying them is a very individualistic exercise, as what suits one may not suit another. Hence, one should do some basic ground work before venturing into the shopping exercise. Cosmetics include facial make-up, perfumes, Nail-polishes and so on. People prefer buying branded cosmetics as there is always the safety issue to be considered.

Preference for Natural beauty cosmetics

Today, women are better informed than their counterparts a few years ago. They know the harm some ingredients used in manufacturing cosmetics cause; for e.g. lead. Similarly, there is also a growing sentiment among them to go for products that have not been tested on animals. Herbal and Natural Beauty Cosmetics have become the order of the day for many women. Natural cosmetics are popular these days as their long term benefits are preferred over the short term benefits that could be potentially harmful in the future. Natural beauty products use a lot of natural ingredients as opposed to synthetic ones.

Buying Beauty Cosmetics Online

Nothing can beat buying branded cosmetics from the comfort of one’s home. And if they are available at better or discounted rates, there is nothing quite like it. Nowadays, online beauty products sites offer a variety of cosmetics at the click of a mouse. One can chose the ones they like and need and order the same. The payment is made securely and the package is delivered to the door-step in a matter of just a few days. Nothing can beat that surely.

Urban women have gained financial independence in ways, not even thought of earlier. They like to be groomed and look their absolute best at all times. They have changed the way they shop for their cosmetics. These days it is just a matter of using a mouse and a keyboard and a credit card. The rest as they say is her story.

Intelligent Transport Systems

Both describe the use of computerized communication technology applied to improving the conditions on our roads. A system is programmed to achieve a particular set of goals, according to brief, further goals can be added, in the future, but need to be programmed into the system.

Any difference, therefore, lies in details of software programming and its application. Where traffic-related ITS deals mainly with traffic enforcement and toll collection, transport-related ITS aims to provide more pleasant and effective travel to those using public transport and help traffic to run more smoothly. The eThekwini Transport Authority has incorporated ITS into its plans for the future.

The eThekwini Transport Authority

In January 2004, the eThekwini Transport Authority (ETA) was established to take responsibility for all transport-related issues within the Municipality. Its particular mandates are public transport and the reduction of traffic congestion. It therefore hopes to encourage the people who presently indulge their use of private transport, to see the benefit of swapping to public transport.

In the Durban area, this includes buses, mini-bus taxis and trains, none of which presently operate very efficiently. Some services are duplicated, under-utilised and over-subsidised while others, that by virtue of their popularity should receive subsidies, do not.

Buses and trains are subsidised to the tune of R400 million a year, but taxi commuters -historically the poorer people of our society – are required to cover the entire cost of the service.
13% of Durban’s residents (roughly 400 000 people) have no access, or cannot afford to access public transport, in any form. The eThekwini Transport Authority’s current initiatives aim to apply technical intelligence to change and improve the status quo.

The ‘recap’ and EMS

The average distance of a public-transport trip is 20km and takes roughly 48 minutes from start to finish. Taxis are often (at best) uncomfortably crowded and (at worst) in a frightful condition, putting the lives of commuters at great risk.

Taxi ‘recapitalization’ goes far beyond exchanging hard cash for beaten up vehicles and dedicated, regulated, route monitoring. An Electronic Management System (EMS), which operates far beyond fare payment issues, is an important feature of the R7.7 billion x 7-year program.

This “total operating solution” will monitor such things as vehicle speeds, where and when stops are made, vehicle-maintenance management and the automatic provision of medical and funeral insurance cover for passengers (in the event of injury or death). It will, in fact, control and totally revolutionist an industry that caters to 68% of the country’s daily commuters.

Incentives for change

“Positive discrimination” incentives that will hopefully cause motorists to change willingly to public transport, include priority right-of-way (dedicated) bus lanes enforced (to keep other vehicles out) with the help of CCTV number plate and facial recognition systems, which will allow for automatic prosecution of offenders.

Dedicated bus lanes increase the speed of buses while decreasing the speed of all other vehicles. Electronic transponders, fitted to buses, can further ensure that the buses encounter green signals at robots.

All well and good; but the Durban Municipality may need then, to double the staff in its traffic camera office. As a nation, we are known for our lawlessness on the roads; citizens regularly ignore the regulations. As for taxis: does one exist, that could resist an empty lane? A huge increase in number-plate violation and the skipping of red robots can be expected as a result of this initiative.

More importantly, you cannot catch a bus that does not function in your area. Perhaps pre-emptive lanes, reserved for buses and taxis, would leave motorists to travel in comparative safety, even if more slowly!

A fair fare system

Due to the low value, but high volume of public transport fares, ticketing systems have traditionally been deemed the most acceptable proof of payment. Cash presentation either wastes the time of the driver, who must provide correct change, or incurs the need for an extra person, a conductor/ticket seller, either inside the vehicle or in an alternate office.

Integrating and preloading a ticket for use across various forms of transport (taxi, bus or rail) would offer an opportunity for seamless travel between the various transport modes and make the fare-collection process faster and more efficient. It would also reduce opportunities for fare collector fraud and would bring all public transport operators within the SARS (tax) net.

Previously, this solution was not considered viable because the organization that would hold any central float of pre-paid funds (and thus benefit from its interest) could not be decided amicably. Any involved transport operators would have benefited enormously from having a few billion Rand to their credit.

Electronic or e-payment systems allow for bank-issued smart cards, linked to the bank accounts of individuals, so trip costs can now be deducted from personal bank accounts and paid directly to the relevant operators. This recent development is likely to change the face of public transport.

Information systems

The ‘talking trains’ in London are fascinating. Not only are passengers warned, by digital carriage displays, of distances between stations and stops, but an electronic voice, in anticipation of the next station, also kindly suggests when it would be appropriate to gather your luggage and head for an exit.

Trip information is vital to those commuting in unfamiliar places and, if managed competently and available 24 hours a day, causes far less consternation and stress to travelers. The London Underground now also sends SMS messages to regular passengers to reassure them that their services are running normally.

Presently, individual South African commuters are at the mercy of an imperfect system (though, to expect absolute perfection of any system, is not realistic). Our high road accident rate regularly causes havoc on our roads. Traffic reports, now featured on radio, during peak traffic hours, help to reduce congestion, but buses and taxis are unable to change their routes due to waiting commuters at pre-ordained stops.

People like to feel in control of their own movements and those who have used their own transport to travel to and from work, in South Africa, are unlikely to take kindly to any system that does not disseminate whatever information it can, to them, the road users.

Individual Benefits

Intelligent Transport Systems will, in the future, monitor any incidents of abnormal traffic congestion on the feeder arterials, even showing the causes for delay. They will relay this information to the eThekwini Emergency Response Centre. While Metro Police close the main arterials affected, the Freeway Management System will automatically send appropriate warning messages to message signs posted at key (driver) decision points on the route/s affected, diverting traffic onto less congested routes.

Automatic Vehicle Location and Real Time Passenger Information systems will operate from a central Public-Transport Call Centre, where reports received about delayed public transport vehicles will then be relayed to bus and taxi stops along the revised and initial routes. The data can also be posted on digital displays within public-transport vehicles.

Passenger Information Signs within a 20km radius of any delays will thus inform commuters, allowing them to decide whether to make alternative plans, warn others of delay on their cell phones or utilise a different mode of public transport. Commuters subscribing to a new ‘Buspass’ payment system will be able to receive this information, by SMS, on their cell phones.

If, for instance, a would-be passenger has not yet left the office for his evening trip home, he might prefer to work late, or use the train, rather than stand for an extra hour at a bus stop. The system, in fact, will present viable options to passengers, depending on their destinations and time restraints.

Integrated ticketing

The concept of integrated ticketing also allows for unlimited possibilities. In London, for instance, vehicles are recognized by CCTV camera systems, as they pass certain points. Toll fees are charged to the vehicle owners accordingly. Accounts are paid on presentation, at regular intervals.

Your municipal rates/electricity/water account might, for instance, carry an extra charge, according to how many toll cameras your vehicle had passed during the preceding month. Obviously, this could prove a problem in a country where people allow their service accounts to accumulate and then demand everything ‘free’ after several months.

Whether tickets are paper, smart cards, pre-paid cards or even cell-phone link-ups, the intention is to allow one form of payment for any and every trip. In case of a MetroRail strike, passengers would be able to use buses for the duration, without incurring extra costs – essential in a country where many families are on so tight a budget that finding several extra Rand mid-month can leave them without food until payday.

Once again, London provides the best idea I have yet seen. Monthly underground rail cards can be kept inside a purse or wallet and yet are still activated as commuters pass through the checkpoints. There is no need for searching of pockets or handbags for inoffensive little pieces of plastic or paper. Just as metal (very often bra under-wiring) activates x-ray machines at airports, so technology at the checkpoints can recognize a hidden ticket: an ‘extra-smart’ card.

Only people who travel regularly would probably use such an advanced, pre-paid option. A facility to allow once-off passengers to buy their tickets at bus stops would probably also be necessary and could be similar to the parking payment machines inside airports. When the ease with which South Africans buy cell-phone airtime at outlets on practically every street corner, is considered, this should prove no problem – you see: it can all be far easier than we at first think!

Ticketing procedures like this would do away with queues, the need to carry cash, the need to make special trips to ticket outlets, the need for fare collectors and inspectors and the need for drivers to count change while at the wheel. They would allow subsidies to be distributed exactly according to mode usage, after the fact, rather than, in advance.

The facility doesn’t need to be limited only to fare payment, though. The intention is to facilitate a program for the 2010 World Cup that will allow soccer fans to pre-load electronically formatted entrance tickets for combined transport, refreshment and memorabilia usage – a ‘one card pays all’ system. The possibilities of this format are endless and depend more on the ability of service/supply organizations to co-operate within centralized visions, than anything else.

Safety

With one of its prime objectives being the attraction of private motorists to public transport usage, reluctance to give up comfort and convenience has been cited by Darryll Thomas, Manager of the Urban Traffic Control Branch (eThekwini) and President: SASITS (SA Society for ITS) as a main disadvantage.

I find it difficult to believe that public transport authorities will ever be able to supplement ‘own travel’ with an improved alternative, in South Africa; where presently, options do not exist, they would need to be provided, regularized through a 24/7 cycle and operated in a holistically safe environment.

Not only would the mode of transport need to be 100% safe, but vehicles parked preparatory to public-transport trips, would also need to be safe, while parked. On their return, commuters would again need to feel safe as they claimed their vehicles. For most to consider public transport a worthwhile option, pedestrian commuters would also need to feel considerably safer walking between destination and their choice of public transport.

Mr Thomas agrees that: “If the public are frightened to use the services, inevitably the policy is doomed to failure” and believes that it is the safety aspect that deters many commuters from swapping from own transport to public transport, despite the fact that attacks on passengers are rare.

He agrees that vandalism and criminal attacks need to be curbed, and claims they can be, with the help of technology. He also believes that visible CCTV surveillance could nullify this fear; that public education would alert us to “video analysis techniques that can alert staff automatically to suspicious behavior on stations, trains and buses”.

His intention to educate the public about all the technological measures that would be employed to combat crime, on public transport, is laudable. He insists that, “should something untoward occur”, help will be “very close at hand” and acknowledges that “vandalism and attacks on public and staff are an evil curse that, as a civilized society, we need to attack with all the technologies we have at our disposal”.
Consumer safety priorities

I sense that, from his positions with SASITS and in the municipality, he is considering public safety only as it relates to public transport usage. Personally, I am less frightened of using the service than getting from my home to the service point, from the service point to my destination and then reversing the process later in the day.

Every commuter is likely to be a pedestrian at either end of his/her public transport usage and it is as much during this point in their journeys, as actually while on public transport, that safety is a huge concern to most people, who may need to carry laptop computers, cell phones and even their public-transport tickets, in whatever format, through city streets.

The pertinent question: does the Municipality intend to position CCTV cameras at every point along every journey, even the pedestrian ones? If so, well and good, but this would require immense financial investment (though probably slightly less, long-term, than installing the same number of Metro policemen in those positions, 24/7.

Mugging and petty thievery, on the streets, cannot be left out of the safety equation! I personally believe that safety is the crux of this issue and is generally hopelessly oversimplified. Another important concern is the number of people who are expected to use their ‘business’ vehicles for work purposes during the working day.

In some areas where options already exist, taxi strikers have stoned commuters who choose to travel by bus or train. Some commuters find it safer just to remain at home, instead of trying to get to work. It seems clear that the ‘grip’ that striking workers in any industry have, over others, has been allowed to get out of hand. This, too, should be classified as a public-transport safety issue. Most Durban motorists approached, insisted that the Municipality would need to pay them handsomely to use public transport on a regular basis. The reason? Always the safety issue…

Co-operation

Thomas, ultimately, agrees that: “as long as the perceived inconvenience of public transport persists, the majority of motorists will prefer to use their car regardless of any penalty imposed”.

Improving the quantity and quality of public transport vehicles, he concedes, is necessary and will involve a far larger investment than has been presently budgeted. It is not only the mindset of the public that needs to undergo change, but that of transport planners throughout the country.

ITS is an effective and necessary means to an end but, unless used creatively and within revised norms, it will not provide all it could. Disciplines, such as policing, security, public-safety and transport services, need to co-ordinate and co-operate to a far greater degree to get the effective results that are necessary – and possible – especially regarding general public safety.